Perception of corruption in the Philippines

Going over our “wayback machine” at emanila, I thought I revisit an article I wrote in 2003 (yes, days when blogging was not as much in vogue) which is equally relevant these days. The article, “Towards a cleaner and more transparent government“, commented on the downgrading of the Philippines rating in the Transparency International’s corruption perception index (CPI).

Here’s what we wrote:

– *** –

Towards a cleaner and more transparent government
Posted: Aug 20, 2003
Romy Cayabyab

Senator Panfilo Lacson is correct in saying that corruption has thrived in the President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo government. Transparency International survey results showed that the Philippines rating has been downgraded to 2.6 (out of a total score of 10 points) in year 2002 from 3.6 in 1999.

The most recent rating makes the Philippines the number 11 most corrupt country together with Pakistan, Romania and Zambia. The number 1 most corrupt country with a score of 1.2 and 0.4, respectively, is Bangladesh that has held the record for two years.

But Senator Lacson is wrong in raising corruption as an issue. Firstly, he is not free from criminal allegations either. Secondly, using corruption as a platform to advance political objectives only worsens the already tarnished image of the Philippines.

We are not saying that we should ignore the issue as if it does not exist. Corruption is a social malaise and a perversion of social values. It should be every nation’s goal to have a fair, just and honest government. But to bring out corruption as a daily political agenda is not the right way to go, especially with the presidential election in sight. The issue should be tackled in a more constructive manner with some form of an agreement from opposing political parties on how to fight corruption.

Besides, eradication of corruption should not, and cannot, rest solely on the government of the day, or by the opposition. It should be part of a continuing and concerted national effort by those who govern and by those who are governed.

To stamp out corruption, there is also a need to “rewrite”, so to speak, a new code of ethics that should be observed by all – government officials, law enforcers, dispensers of justice, religious leaders, businesses, and educators. There is also a need for a massive educational campaign among the youth and their elders to re-orient them of their rights and obligations in building an honest government.

A cleaner and more transparent Philippine government will not come overnight. It will probably require at least a generation of new leaders with the right ethics to set this into place.

Meanwhile, what Senator Lacson or other presidential aspirants should show is how to tackle corruption. Mudslinging and corruption allegations are not going to solve the problem. Ad-hoc measures are also not remedies to a condition that has long existed. We need a long-term solution free from political affiliations. Let’s start with a genuine desire to free the nation from this social cancer.

– *** –

After almost seven years, we noted the Philippines rating has remained at very low level. Based on the latest TI survey, the Philippines is ranked number 139 out of 180 countries with a score of 2.4, out of a maximum score of 10, together with Bangladesh, Belarus and Pakistan.

New Zealand is regarded as the world’s least corrupt and is number 1 with a score of 9.4 followed by Denmark (9.3), Singapore (9.2), Sweden (9.2) and Switzerland (9.0). Australia and Canada scored 8.7 and are on the same place as number 6 least corrupt countries.

Somalia, with a score of 1.1, is ranked last (number 180) and is perceived as the most corrupt country.

For those who missed the scoring, did you notice which country the Philippines is with? Yes, Bangladesh. For several years in the past, Bangladesh was the butt of ridicule for corruption. In 2002, Bangladesh was perceived the worst and most corrupt country with a 0.4 score.

Some eight years later, Bangladesh is now out of that ground position. Now it is at par with the Philippines and Pakistan. Like the Philippines, it still is considered corrupt, but at least it has done something about its CPI.

And what about Romania and Zambia who were in the company of the Philippines back in 2002?

Did you know that Romania is now ranked number 71 with a score of 3.8 and Zambia, with a score of 3.0, is now number 99 in the ladder of countries included in the CPI.

That was quite a jump for Romania and Zambia, leaving the Philippines by at least 40 countries in the CPI ladder. Based on what we have been reading in the Philippines, I will not be surprised if the next round of CPI surveys will see Bangladesh also leaving behind the Philippines by a mile.

NOTE: In the 2013 Corruption Perception Index, the Philippines was placed number 94 (compared to 134 in 2010) out of 177 countries. See this page >


  1. dodie58 says

    Just sharing my thoughts…

    Baka po dapat, it is not of more importance what we are perceived to be in connection with corruption rate against any other country. Definitely po pasama ng pasama ito at iinisin lamang natin ang ating mga sarili kung lagi natin itong bibigyan ng pansin. Maraming po siguro na magbibigay ng kani-kaniyang opinyon, mga opinyon na kadalasan ay pinaniniwalaan base sa kung sino ang nasasabi o nagbibigay.

    Baka po mas mabuti kung ang mas pagtuunan ng pansin ay kung paano ma prevent ang corruption. Sa pagpaplano na hindi madalian o biglaan ang implimentasyon kundi sa masususing pag-aaral na nakabatay sa pangkasalukuyan paguugali nating mga Pilipino. Pagpaplano na makatotohanan, na ikokonsidera ang lahat ng kaugalian ng bawat Pilipino (masama man o mabuting kaugalian), ang mga natural at lahat ng pwersa na nakakaapekto sa ating mamamyan at bansa.

    Mahalaga rin po siguro na mas mabuting ilahad at talakayin ang tunay na level nang ating pagiging Ipokrito at Ipokrita. Ang mga Pilipino po yata ay hilo na at tulirong tuliro sa kung ano ang tunay at totoo. Mas madali pang matukoy ang mali kaysa totoo o tama at baka nakakahigit na ang listahan ng bawal sa kung ano ang wasto o legal.

    Salamat at Mabuhay po

    • says

      @dodie58 – May mga advantages at disadvantages siyempre ang malaman natin kung ano ang perception ng mundo tungkol sa corruption sa Pilipinas. Kung mababa ang perception nila batay sa survey na ginagawa ng Transparency International sa mga negosyanteng nakikipagkalakal sa Pilipinas, ang magagawa lang natin ay ayusin kung ano ang dapat ayusin, hindi ba? Kung mataas naman ang pagtingin nila sa atin, di salamat na lang. At lalo pa nating pagbutihin para lalong ma-enganyo ang ibang bansa na makipagkalakal sa Pilipinas. Thanks for sharing your thoughts.

  2. Pamela says

    What I think could be done to minimize corruption in the PI*

    1. Education- Self Love, Healthy Sense of Pride

    2. Education- Moral Code, Proper Work Ethic — no stealing etc

    3. Education- Replenish Family Values and Planning — city and towns are different. Know when to change your lifestyle.

    4. Education- Proper Teaching, Information, and Organization: a lot of books for kids are outdated, misinformed, and useless. We need to change that!

    5. Education- Global Awareness; Know what’s going on in the world

    We need to change our education system. We need to focus on our education system and on our future generation. It will take time, but in the end you’ll know it’s the most rewarding investment that you’ve ever had to endure: Giving proper education.

    Think about it, Britain went through a whole decade to improve itself from the Dark Middle Ages, to the Great Exploration, and then Industrialization. Philippines had never gone through major shifts aside from Colonization. Do you want us to forever look back on that? Don’t you ever wish there could be that “GOLDEN AGE” in our history? I don’t know if there ever was and if there was, the Spanish Conquistadors must have erased it. All we need to do is make another one. Why not start with education?

  3. Pamela says

    You know what am trying to say, right?

    You want corruption to end, you have to start with the brains cause that’s where good and evil battle for reality.

    • says


      I agree with you. There was a time in the late 1990s that there was an initiative in the Philippines to start changing our mindset through school curriculum. Young students (or rather, pupils in elementary schools) were being taught about the evils of not following laws, and were taught in fact that it is also our civic duty to report infractions. That was the time when the perception of the world towards the Philippines had improved. It was also that time when the Philippines’ CPI rating was “3.6” which is referred to in my article. Apparently, that part of school curriculum had been scrapped. That part of education should be restored. We know, this will not produce immediate results. But at least we know the next generation of leaders have the right ethics and moral code.


  4. Sue says

    Corruption is a mere symptom of a culture of impunity. What we need to put in place is a system of accountability. And because the official channels (justice system etc) arent’ working anymore, perhaps we have to resort to other means. I am not only referring here to vigilantism, though that is surely an alternative. Think Batman, right. However, let’s consider that the last straw. For now, let us exhaust our imagination. Gandhi had civil disobedience. Surely, the ingenious Filipino can think up something. What is obvious though is that the call for accountability at this point in time is in our hands. The Filipino citizen must act. Now. S/he must demand for something better than this.

    • says

      @Sue – In a democracy, people are given the opportunity to exact accountability from their leaders. Some political observers say that we miss this opportunity during elections as we tend to be easily swayed by economic and kinship expediencies. Because of this, they also conclude that we could only blame ourselves for the kind of leaders we have.

  5. jeeper says

    I agree with the “rewrite” part. Politicians these days are criticizing the current government, when they themselves have very questionable background as well. It is sad to think that it will not be solved any time soon, I am not sure if I would actually live to see that day. Now we vote for who is the lesser evil, which I think is so wrong.

    People say, dapat simulan doon sa taas. Oo nga, panget tingnan na ang pangulo ng bansa ay problema. I think we should also be looking at the bottom coz there are plenty of “corrupt” people eagerly waiting for their turn to cash in. Even barangay captains are doing questionable things. Sadly, corruption has become the norm and has gotten acceptable because it has gotten to be a tradition.

    I love this country very much, and I sometimes fantasize that all of them get wiped out by something cataclysmic while gathered in some convention or something, maybe a meteor, intended just for them.

    Just my thoughts, and the latter part of my comment should not be taken seriously.

  6. says

    Maybe it is better that we do not stop corruption, and start with realizing muna or admitting we are all corrupt. Sa totoo man o hindi, ipagpalagay muna ng eveverybody all na siya ay corrupt, and in so doing malaman o maramdaman niya kung paano ang maging “corrupt”.
    Sa totoo lang, lahat naman siguro in someway ay naging corrupt. Mula sa pagpapabinyag at pag-aaral ng ating mga anak naroon na ang palakasan maging sa ating pananalangin nga ay mayroon ding palakasan (no offense, sa mga prusisyon nga may parang fans club na rin ang mga Santo).

    Siguro, hayaan na lamang natin na may corruption pero mas higit nating pagtibayin ang pakakaroon ng “regulasyon”.

    Sana magkaroon ng convention ng mga mamamayan na tatalakay at magsasagawa ng hihilinging batas na ipapapasa sa ating Kongreso, na pinaniniwalaan natin na halos lahat ay corrupt, na maglalayon na:

    1) Sino-sino lamang ba ang pwedeng maging corrupt
    2) Hanggang saan lamang ang pwedeng saklawan ng kangyang
    pagiging corrupt
    3) Hanggang magkano o kaukulang porsiyento ang pwede niyang
    ma corrupt
    4) Sino-sino lamang ang pwede niyang ma corrupt
    5) Kung hindi ka napapabilang sa mga may karapatang maging corrupt
    ikaw ay mapaparusahan
    6) Kung nagmalabis o kinulang ang iyong pagiging corrupt
    ikaw ay mapaparusahan
    7) At ang mahalaga, ang pag-uulat kung kangi-kanino at saan mo
    ginamit ang Iyong na corrupt.

    at iba pang masasamang regulasyon na magbubunga ng mabuting
    ispekulasyon o imahinasyon.

    Salamat po at sana ay hindi ko kayo na corrupt

    … DcD/dodie58

  7. wan_angel says

    Hi Romy,
    I looked at my emails today and saw your message their.
    To stop the corruption, comments and suggestions baka sakaling marinig ng mga kinauukulan:

    Many had tried, but no one win. I’m sorry to critisize our own government and fellows here in the Philippines, but I think they need to hear this: “Philippines will not change if the people themselves will not change”. Corruption is here, crimes as well. But we Filipinos had tried many times to let the government hear our voices, most of our fellows who tried never win, why? Because of: Less Efforts. 1/4 determination. LOts of talks but few acts.
    Government officials: Lumaki na ang mga ulo nila dahil sa tuwing makikita sila ng mga kababayan nila na syang dahilan ng kanilang pagkapanalo at pagkakaluklok sa kani-kanilang posisyon sa gobyerno eh itinuturing silang mga hari at reyna na para bang tayo pa ang dapat mahiya sa kanila. People seems to forget that they are the one who should serve us well, they are the one who should call us ma’am or sir not we. all these corrupt people should be put in jail and di na sila dapat pang hayaan na makatakbo ulit sa kahit na anong posisyon sa gobyerno natin para mabigyan sila ng lesson. At dapat ngayong May 2010 Election, ang maihahalal na mga government officials sa tuwing lalabas sila ng bansa at may gagawing proyekto sa bansam kailangan o dapat lang na ipakita nila ito sa news sa TV para malaman ng mga taong bayan kung san nila ginagastos ang pundo ng bansa. Mula sa bilyones hanggang sa kahulihulihang sentimo. Kada pagpasok ng panibagong taon kailangang ipakita ng gobyerno sa television kung magkano na ang natirang pondo natin. Ang mga bayan at lungsod san mang dako sa mundo-ang lahat ng mga tao dito sa pilipinas ay di dapat magpasalamat at lumuhod sa mga government officials dahil sa mga nagawa nilang projects para sa mga lungsod dito sa pinas. Sapagkat ang perang kanilang ginamit ay galing sa atin. Tayo ang nagpapasahod sa kanila, hindi sila ang nagpapasahod sa atin. May inaatasan man silang tao para gawin ang mga ito at sila ang nagpapasahod pero di sa kanila galing ang mga pasahod na ito. Galing ito mismo SA ATIN.

    Tayo lang ang susi ng pagbabago. Hindi lang ang mga kabataan.

    Your message is thought provoking, Have a good day!

  8. dodie58 says

    Sir Romy,

    My suggestion really is humorous, but it really make sense
    For example:
    Kung the lowest position that is allowed by law to be corrupt is the
    Mayor, what would or may happen to my suggestion

    Ang Mayor being allowed to be corrupt to a certain extent ay kailangang mag-ulat (by law) ng kung saan saan at sino-sino ang kanyang pinag-kagastusan ng nakurakot.

    Ang kanyang mga konsehal at ang kanyang mga empleyado, magagamit ba niya ng hindi matatakot na “teka mayor ikaw okey lang eh ako, mapaparusahan ako at makukulong, kung gusto mong mangurakot, ikaw na lang, mahirap na”.
    Kung sakali namang nagpagamit sila kay Mayor, dahil sabi ni Mayor mag-uulat naman siya ng kung saan at kanino napunta ang nakurakot, papayag kaya sila na malathala na napartihan sila ni Mayor? (ganuoon din sa pinakamataas).
    Si Mayor, magdalawang isip kaya kung dapat mangurakot,
    Kung mangurakot naman si Mayor at a certain extent allowed by law,
    at ginamit naman niya sa mabubuting proyekto, sa mga kung sino-sino na dapat mabigyan, maging ng para sa kanyang sarili na
    katangatangap, masaya siguro at magiging kapuri-puri siya.

    Hindi kaya ito ang maging simula, na mula sa mababa ay malinis papunta sa itaas,

    Hindi na siguro kailangan ang maraming sigaw na maging tapat sila, sapagkat batas na ang nagtuturo kung paano sila magiging tapat.

    Ito po ay talagang hindi mangyayari at mananatiling imahinasyon lamang, imahinasyon o suhestiyon na katawa-tawa o humurous.

    Sapagkat, ito ay tulad din ng katotohanan na hindi lahat ay magiging tapat,

    Salamat po at dito man lamang ay na express ko ang aking ideas at pananaw. Hindi naman po ako pessimistic pero it is true that we really can do a lot of things pa para sa ating mahal na Bansa, it is just a matter of chance kung kailan mabibigyan ng pansin.


  9. says

    ikaw na botante may katungkulan na bigyan bagong pagasa mga sadlak sa kahirapan. pagaralan maigi mga pangako, baka ito ay magandang pakinggan ngunit walang laman. magkaroon ka ng bahay, masarap na pagkain, pagaaralin ka, bibigyan ng trabaho.ubusin man billion kayamanan itoy kulang na kulang, kaya naisip ko mga pangako magandang pakinggan ngunit itoy walang laman kaya hindi dapat asahan.

    generic na gamot ay mura kung mayroon kang pera subalit ito ay mahal kung wala kang pera.

    hindi magnanakaw. baka naman sa halagang isang daang piso ikaw na botante boto mo ay manakaw.

    ipagpapatuloy naputol na magandang gawain ay itutuloy, magandang gawain para kangino? botante sigurado ka bang para sa iyo ito?

    tayo ang may kasalanan kung bakit hindi tayo makaahon sa kahirapan. hindi natin pinagaaralan ang mga isyu na malaki ang kaugnayan sa bawat isa.

    panahon upang magbago sa pamaraan ng pagpili. pagaralan natin itong mabuti. huwag mawalan ng pagasa na magkaroon din tayo ng maaasahan mga elected officials na tunay na maglilingkod sa bayan. ito ang aking opinion.

    • says

      Sang-ayon ako sa iyong tinuran Mang Rey na darating din ang panahon merong mga elected officials na tunay na maglilingkod sa bayan. Sa ngayon ay meron na rin, pero mukhang kakaunti lang sila.

  10. Marty says

    My Two Cents Worth

    The problem really is allowing the “uneducated masses” to chart the history of the country. Yeah that sounds quiet bourgeoisie, but perhaps it is a fact no one dares to admit.

    Corruption happens because it is tolerated and even blessed at the highest offices – if proponents were prosecuted to the full teeth of the law, no one would dare do it. But who places those people at the highest rung in government…its the uneducated masses who were literally offered 500 bucks for the vote.

    One way to end corruption, make voting a privilege rather than a right. Only those with a college degree can vote – it may not ensure that only those that have the mental facility to make logical decisions can vote, but it sure eliminates the busloads of squatters and flying voters out there.

    Another way to end corruption is for the catholic church, and any other religious sect to take an active part in condemming corruption. Heck yeah, ostracize any public official who were found to be guilty of corruption…close the doors of the church to them, publish a pastoral letter denouncing Mr. So and So, and Mrs. So and So and their acts.

    The school’s administrative body, especially those of the Ivy League, should also take part in the exercise of ostracizing a corrupt official and his family. Any student whose parents are found guilty of corruption will be expelled summarily (but only the student can appeal this and defend themselves – not the parents), the effect of affinity goes as far as the grandchild of the corrupt official.

    We need someone who can take matters in his own hands and not worry about political affiliations, or patronage. Someone who has the balls and the stick large enough to strike, and not just have the sweet mouthed “cinematic speeches” that have housemaids and screeching gaylords at their feet. We need someone who will persecute, prosecute, and execute.

    So you see Sir, all the above are impossible to happen. Which is why it is also next to impossible to see some change in our government, or in the perception of our country as corrupt.

    Our weakness is the catholic trait of tolerance and humility. We are cursed with centuries of colonial rule that emphasized patronage as a way to gain favor and pay back favor. We cannot get angry long enough to see that a criminal spends his entire life in jail, or perhaps die in it in pain. We cannot rage strong enough to throw invectives at the highest officer in the land, or throw a grenade at a mindanaoan butcher. We are a confused lot.

    I am too.

    • dodie58 says

      Salamat Marty,

      and may I say…. “now we’re talking”,
      ganito sana ang diskusyon, kahit pa may magalit o masaktan sa words na “uneducated masses”, ito ay maari o talagang ito ang katotohanan. Walang magsasalita ng kritisismo laban sa mahirap or
      uneducated (pwede pa nga opportunistic masses), kasi baka mawalan ng boto. Ang mahalaga tanggapin muna natin ang katotohanan, maganda man o pangit, mabuti o masama, bago tayo makapaghanap ng maaring tama o mabuting solusyon.

      Ang pagboto, kung sino?, baka hindi mangyayari na piliin ang boboto, Baka mas madali o malapit sa katotohanan na piliin kung sino-sino lamang ang pwedeng iboto o maging kandidato.

      Baka pwede na bago maging opisyal na kandidato ay meron na muna siyang nagawa o magandang record. Kung siya ay tatakbo, ngayon para sa susunod na eleksyon (2013), magdeklara na siya at ang mga taong bayan ang magsasabi na siya ay may karapatan o dapat na kumandidato.

      Baka nga dapat ang mangangampanya para sa mga dapat mahalal at maglingkod (o mas tamang termino ay magtrabaho) sa atin ay mga botante hindi ang kandidato.

      Sir Romy, salamat muli.


  11. says

    ang election ay hindi boxing, hindi ito karera sa tract & field hindi ito singing O dancing contest, hindi ito tele-novela, hindi ito intertainment show, hindi ito pa pogihan O pagandahan, hindi ito para sa bilyonaryo O milyonaryo lamang, hindi ito para sa mga nagtapos lamang ng koleheyo at nawalan ng galang at tuloy gustong alisan ng karapatan ang mga magulang na hindi nakatapos ng kolehiyo na nagsikap at nagtiis makatapos lamang ang anak na minamahal

    ang pagboto ay isang karapatan at tungkulin ng bawat botante na nakasaad sa SALIGANG BATAS ng ating bansa. ang tungkulin na pagaaral maigi ang mga binibitiwan mga salita ng kandidato. halimbawa==kung gusto kung yumaman pa ang gagawin ko ay magbalik na lamang sa negosyo==ang tanong==papaano babalik ang isang hindi umaalis==halimbawa==ako’y nanggaling sa mahirap==at sino ang hindi nagmula sa mahirap.

    noong ako’y bata pa wala pang SMOKEY MOUNTAIN, wala pang dagat ng basura. ang basura ay hinahanap pa sa mga bahay-bahay. dala ng kapabayaan sa pagkilatis ng mga kandidato, nagkaroon tayo ng dagat ng basura.

    sa maraming resulta ng kapabayaan , ang karapatan ibinigay sa ating ng ating SALIGANG BATAS ay unti unti nananakaw hanggang umabot tayo sa situasyong nais ng alisan pati ang magulang na hindi nakatapos ng kolehiyo ay nais pang alisan ng karapatan ng mga taong naturingan matalino ngunit bobo sa paggalang sa nakakatanda.

    ang nangyayari ngayon ay bunga ng katungkulan na pinabayaan ng mga representante O congressman na ating pinili upang ipaabot sa bulwagan ng kongresso ang mga hinaing at pangangailan ng kanilang distrito. higit nilang binigyan ng pansin ang partidong kinabibilangan.
    nasaan ang sinabi ni late president Manuel Quezon==my loyalty to my party ends where my loyalty to my people begins.

    ngayon , nasaan ang iyong loyalty? nasa kandidato O nasa pagkakataon mabigyan ng magandang pagasa ang ating mga kapos sa buhay, pagaralan mong mabuti ang iyong karapatan ang gampanan ng maayos ang iyong tungkulin.

    maraming salamat sa pagkakataon nailabas ko ang hinanakit ng aking kabataan na ninakawan ng mas magandang bukas…………………………………….

  12. xRAGEx says

    I guess there’s a need for us to fully understand what’s so wrong with us as a people. Corruption in the government can never be solved thru change of policies and leaders. Neither can our religious beliefs.Corruption is so well-entrenched in our society that any attempt to uproot it may prove fatal, to our system of order or way of things and to the person or persons who will initiate it.:-)
    You may find these words pessimistic to say the least but trust me there’s a growing community of believers that are actually doing things right now that may at least attempt to answer some of this country’s baffling questions. Questions like who were we, who are we now and who will we be tomorrow. Our educational system have fallen. Our schools are systematically producing “commodities” for other people to exploit and look down upon. We are being defeated by the minute and yet we refuse to look it that way. Something must be done and done quickly. I will visit this site again and give you links as soon as everything is ready. There is hope my friends. And it has come already. God bless us all.


  13. franco sangreo says

    naka ukit sa ating pambansang awit ang espiritu kadalisayan, kabaligtaran ng kabulukang kanser na unti-unti pumapatay maging sa hindi pa nabubuhay.

    BAYANG MAGILIW – sumisimbolo sa pagiging maasikaso ng Pilipino at walang pagtatakip sa anumang baho.

    PERLAS NG SILANGANAN – mayaman ang ating bansa, kaya lang marami din ang nagpapasasa sa kaban ng bayan. Ang yamang ito’y para sa lahat at hindi para lamang sa iilang makapangyarihan.

    ALAB NG PUSO, SA DIBDIB MO’Y BUHAY – tuwing naririnig ko ang mga katagang ito, naluluha ako dahil una, totoong buhay sa maraming Pilipino ang alab nang pagiging makabayan. Ikalawa, naluluha ako dahil iba ang alab sa puso ng ilan nating lider.

    LUPANG HINIRANG, DUYAN KA NG MAGITING – Ang bayang ito’y hinirang bilang tahanan ng magigiting na bayani. Bayaning maituturing ang empleyadong hindi nag uuwi ng paper clip sa bahay.

    SA MANLULUPIG, DI KA PASISIIL – ang manlulupig ay di lang ang mananakop kundi maging ang sariling di kayang sakupin ng kabutihan.

    SA DAGAT AT BUNDOK SA SIMOY AT SA LANGIT MONG BUGHAW – ang mga talata’y simbolo ng ating kasarinlan at kalayaan. Mananatiling bughaw ang langit sa ating bayan kung mawawala ang maitim na ulap ng kasakiman sa isip ng ilan nating kababayan.

    MAY DILAG ANG TULA, AT AWIT SA PAGLAYANG MINAMAHAL – may angking ganda ang ating mga tula at awiting sumasalamin sa ating pagnanasang makilala bilang lahing malaya at umiibig sa pagkakakilanlang kultura. Nalupig na rin ba ng kurapsyon ang mga Kundiman, Balagtasan, Tirigsikan at mga haranang pamana na ating nakaraan.

    ANG KISLAP NG WATAWAT MO’Y TAGUMPAY NA NAGNININGNING – ang kislap ng ating bandila ay simbolo ng pagsisikhay at pakikipaglaban ng ating mga bayani makamtan lang ang minimithing kasarinlan at katarungan. Ang ating watawat dapat kumikislap sa lahat ng Pilipino lalo na sa mga pulitiko. Ang sagisag ng katapangan ang dapat kumislap at hindi ang mga matang may pagnanasang lurayin ang ultimo singkong duling.

    ANG BITUIN AT ARAW NIYA, KAILAN PA MA’Y DI MAGDIDILIM – talagang hindi magdidilim kung maa agapan pang huwag magdiliryo at atakihin ng kasakiman ang pusong nasa pusod ng kadiliman.

    LUPA NG ARAW NG LUWALHATI’T PAGSINTA, BUHAY AY LANGIT SA PILING MO – langit ang tatamasain kung langit ang magpapasimuno ng pag-ibig sa bayan. Ang problema kung kunwa’y langit lang ang mamumuno, yun pala’y lahing matatalino…magna, magna cum…magna…nakaw.


    ito’y panawagan sa bawat isa, may katungkulan man o wala, manunulat man o manunulot – iisa lang itong bangka kung saan tayo naka tapak. Wag nating apihin ang sarili nating bayan. Mahalin natin ang sariling atin. Mahalin natin ang ating bayan. Ang bayan ay hindi ang ating bansang gawa ng ibang bayan. ANG BAYAN AY TAYO. Kung tayo man ay mamamatay, ito ay dahil sa pagtatanggol sa ating kapwa sa pamamagitan ng pagpatay sa makasariling puso.

    Mabalos po Kuya Romy sa pagkakataong makapagpahayag…may pag-asa habang nabubuhay!

    • lanie den says

      tama po kayo! may pagkakataon po na magbago ang isang tao.. kailangan lamang baguhin ang mga bulok na sistema ng bansa!